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Basics of Liver Transplantation
Published by: Liver Transplant (16) on Tue, Dec 16, 2014  |  Word Count: 496  |  Comments ( 0)  l  Rating
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Liver is seen as the largest organ in the body. The basic role of the liver is to help in the digestion of food and the resultant sugar is stored to be utilized as energy. It also cleans the blood and can fight with the infections. A human body cannot survive without a functioning for a certain period of time, so it has to be replaced when it is diseased or non-functioning.
Liver Transplantation
Liver Transplant in India is also called hepatic transplantation. During this surgery, the liver, which is diseased, will be replaced by a liver that is in healthier condition. The replacement can be either partial or complete, depending on the amount of liver that is required for diseased person to survive.
Technique Used
There are various techniques used for carrying out liver transplantation procedure. However, the most commonly used technique by most surgeons and medical professionals, is the orthotopic transplantation. When this technique is performed, the medical professionals remove the diseased, and replace it with a healthy liver, which is donated by the donor. The new liver replacement is done in the same anatomic place of the original liver.
Patient Eligibility
The general eligibility of the patient, needing the liver transplantation surgical procedure are patients', who have the L disease for long period of time and it has reached to the end stage and the patients', who suffer from the acute L failure.
Indications of liver transplantation
1.Long term alcohol intake with signs and symptoms of L failure.
2.When the person is attacked from Hepatitis C virus and suffers from long-term infections
3.When the person is attacked from Hepatitis B virus and suffers from long-term infections
4.When the patient suffers from Autoimmune L disease, L transplantation will be required. In this disease, the immune system of the body does not recognize the liver as a native part of the body and starts attacking it considering it as some external virus or bacteria.
5.When the patient suffers from Hereditary L disease. The L problems or diseases are passed from the parents to the children through their genes.
6.If excess Fat is stored within the liver
7.Children generally require this surgery, when they suffer from the Biliary atresia. In this disease the bile ducts, which carry bile from the liver towards the small intestines and gall bladder, are blocked, damaged or sometimes missing. When the bile does not leave the this, it then causes cirrhosis.
8.This transplantation may also be needed from the short term problems. When the liver fails suddenly, which is also understood as an Acute liver failure, it will lead to the transplantation.
Liver transplantation will be easier and less complex when the symptoms are found earlier and the patient is stable psychologically. However the transplantation is not the end of the problem. The patient has to take care of the liver consistently throughout life, after the Liver Transplant Surgery in India.
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